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Energy Policies of IEA Countries
Energy Policies of IEA Countries: Finland 2013
IEA. Published by : IEA , Date de parution:  31 mai 2013
Pages: 174 , Langue: Anglais
Version: Livre (Broché) + PDF
ISBN: 9789264190771 , Code OCDE: 612013031P1
Prix:   €75 | $105 | £54 | ¥10400 | MXN950 , Frais de livraison inclus
Disponibilité: Disponible
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Autres versions:  Livre électronique - Format PDF

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Description

Finland’s economy is highly industrialised. Yet with over one-third of its territory located above the Arctic Circle, the country is largely rural and sparsely populated, except for its southern tip. With its energy-intensive industries and its cold climate, Finland’s energy consumption per capita is the highest in the IEA. Finland is highly dependent on imported fossil fuels, and energy policy is at the heart of the government’s concerns. The government’s energy strategy aims to strengthen Finland’s energy security, to move progressively towards a decarbonised economy, and to deepen its integration in the wider European market. Finland has a very ambitious renewable energy programme, with a view to producing 38% of its electricity from renewable sources by 2020. Finland is the most forested country in Europe; biomass will thus play a central role in meeting the target Finland is one of few IEA countries with plans to expand its nuclear capacity, and the Parliament has approved the construction of two more nuclear power plants. If all planned projects are completed, the share of electricity produced by nuclear could double by 2025, reaching around 60%. This would contribute to diversifying Finland’s energy security and meeting its low-carbon objectives. Also, Finland participates in the Baltic Energy Market Interconnection Plan (BEMIP), which aims to further regional integration through EU-supported infrastructure projects. This review analyses the energy policy challenges facing Finland, and provides sectoral studies and recommendations for further policy improvements. It is intended to help guide the country towards a more secure and sustainable energy future.


Tables des matières:

 

1. Executive Summary and Key Recommendations -Executive summary
-Key recommendations
PART I.  POLICY ANALYSIS
2. General Energy Policy

-Overview
-Supply and demand
-Institutions
Key policies
-Taxation
-Assessment
-Recommendations
3. Climate Change
-GHG emissions and targets
-CO2 emissions from fuel combustion
-Institutions
-Policies and measures
-Assessment
-Recommendations
4. Energy Efficiency
-Overview
-Institutions
-Policies and measures
-Assessment
-Recommendations
PART II. SECTOR ANALYSIS
5. Oil

-Supply, demand and imports
-Infrastructure
-Retail market structure
-Emergency response policy and reserves
-Prices and taxes
-Assessment
-Recommendations
6. Natural Gas
-Supply and demand
-Regulatory and legal framework
-Infrastructure
-Security of supply
-Supply and retail
-Assessment
-Recommendations
7. Coal and Peat
-Coal
-Peat
-Assessment
-Recommendations
8. Nuclear Energy
-Overview
-Regulatory framework
-Power uprates, safety upgrades and long-term operation
-New build: current and planned
-Nuclear waste management and funding
-Uranium mining
-Human resources, education, training and research
-Investment framework and tax environment
-Assessment
-Recommendations
9. Renewable Energy
-Supply and demand
-Institutions
-Policies and measures
Assessment
-Recommendations
10. Electricity
-Supply
-Demand
-Regulatory and legal framework
-Market design and regulation
-Industry structure and operations
-Networks
-Prices and tariffs
-Assessment
-Recommendations
11. District Heating and Cooling
-Supply and demand
-Industry structure and legal framework
-Assessment
-Recommendations
PART III. ENERGY TECHNOLOGY
12. Energy Research, Development and Demonstration

-Overview
-Institutional framework
-Policies and programmes
-International collaboration
-Assessment
-Recommendations
PART IV. ANNEXES
Annex A: Organisation of the review
Annex B: Energy balances and key statistical data
Annex C: IEA Shared Goals
Annex D: Glossary and list of abbreviations

 

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