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Commercialising Public Research
New Trends and Strategies
OECD Publishing , Publication date:  10 Dec 2013
Pages: 132 , Language: English
Version: E-book (PDF Format)
ISBN: 9789264193321 , OECD Code: 922013031E1
Price:   €16 | $23 | £14 | ¥2100 | MXN300
Availability: Available
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Public research is the source of many of today’s technologies from the GPS and MRI to MP3 technology. Public research institutions (PRIs) and universities are also an engine of entrepreneurial ventures from biotech start-ups to Internet giants like Google. Today, globalisation, open innovation and new forms of venture financing such as crowd funding are changing the way institutions promote the transfer and commercialisation of public researcher results.

This report describes recent trends in government and university level policies to enhance the transfer and exploitation of public research and benchmarks the patenting and licensing activities of PRIs and universities in a number of OECD countries and regions, including the EU, Australia, Canada, and the US.

Finally, it also showcases, based on case studies of leading institutions in Finland (Aalto Center for Entrepreneurship), Germany (Fraunhofer Institute), the Czech Republic (Technology Transfer Office of the Czech Technical University), Japan (open innovation in firms), United States (National Institutes of Health) a number of good practices for increasing the number of university invention disclosures, accelerate licensing contracts and promote more open innovation practices between universities and firms.

Table of contents:

Acronyms and abbreviations 9
Executive summary 11
Introduction 13
Shifting missions and growing demands 13
-Driving factors for the increased focus on commercialisation 14
-Report structure 15
-References 16
Chapter 1. Knowledge transfer channels and the commercialisation of public research  17
Typology of channels.18
-References 23
Chapter 2. Benchmarking knowledge transfer and commercialisation 25
Co-creating new knowledge 27
-Invention disclosures and patents as indicators of commercialisation 31
-Business sector use of university patents, licensing income and spin-offs 36
-Metrics beyond the number of patents and spin-offs 42
-References 50
Chapter 3. Policies to enhance the transfer and commercialisation of public research  55
Different levers for accelerating transfer and commercialisation 56
-Legislative initiatives related to commercialisation and patenting 58
-Intermediaries and bridging organisations 65
-Business “open innovation” for sourcing public sector knowledge 70
-Collaborative IP tools and funds 74
-“Open science” policies 76
-Researchers’ incentives for knowledge and invention disclosure 80
-Encouraging the emergence of entrepreneurial ideas among faculty and students   83
-References 88
Chapter 4. Financing of public research-based spin-offs  95
Constraints in financing public research spin-offs 96
-National-level support 97
-Institutional-level support 100
-Alternative and new sources of financing 102
-References 104
Chapter 5. Looking ahead: National policy implications 107
References 111
Annex A. National periodic surveys and institutional data on patent applications and industry-university co-publications 113
Annex B. Selected national programmes to support knowledge transfer and commercialisation of public research 119

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