Over the last decade Mexico has implemented a variety of policies to support business innovation. Support instruments have included direct subsidies to firms in the framework of competitive calls and R&D tax credit schemes. Specific policies have aimed at supporting public-private partnerships and technological collaboration between public research institutes and higher education institutions and enterprises. In many instances support focused on priority sectors or technology areas, but in recent years more emphasis has been placed on support to small and medium-sized enterprises and the build-up of technology transfer capacities. This report evaluates the performance of the knowledge-based sector in Mexico and provides policy recommendations for improving the financing, creation and expansion of innovative knowledge-based start-ups.
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ACRONYMS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY INTRODUCTION -Growing policy interest in the knowledge-based start-up sector across OECD countries The creation of new technology-based firms in Mexico – policy environment and framework conditions -Object of the OECD evaluation -References CHAPTER 1. KNOWLEDGE-BASED SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED ENTERPRISES IN MEXICO: AN EMERGING ISSUE IN INNOVATION POLICY -Support to high-growth innovative SMEs: Policy rationales -Mexico’s initial S&T policy initiatives in support of innovative SMEs -Recent institutional, regulatory and policy initiatives -Structural weaknesses and challenges -Concluding remarks References CHAPTER 2. CRITICAL OVERVIEW OF SUPPORT PROGRAMMES -Current government programmes and instruments providing direct or indirect support to new technology-based firms -Role and performance of intermediary institutions -Higher education and research institutions -The build-up of regional innovation systems -Overall assessment -References CHAPTER 3. POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS -Introduction: Where does Mexico stand? -Guiding principles -Specific recommendations -Concluding remarks -References ANNEX A. LIST OF INTERVIEWS ANNEX B. INTERVIEW GUIDELINES