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Pensions at a Glance 2013
OECD and G20 Indicators
OECD Publishing , Publication date:  26 Nov 2013
Pages: 368 , Language: English
Version: E-book (PDF Format)
ISBN: 9789264203938 , OECD Code: 812013221E1
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Availability: Available
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Other languages:  Spanish (Available) Korean (Available) German (Available) French (Available)
Other Versions:  Print - Paperback
Multilingual summaries:  Spanish, English, Japanese, German, French, Italian

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Frequency: Biennial  

Description

This comprehensive examination of pension systems in OECD and selected non-OECD countries looks at recent trends in retirement and working at older ages, evolving life expectancy, design of pension systems, pension entitlements, and private pensions before providing a series of detailed country profiles.


Table of contents:

Editorial Pensions under stress  9
Executive summary 13
Chapter 1. Recent pension reforms and their distributional impact 17
-Introduction 18
-Recent pension reforms 18
Distributional impact of pension reforms 26
-Conclusions and policy implications 53
-References 58
Chapter 2. The role of housing, financial wealth and public services for adequate living standards in old age 59
-Introduction 60
-Adequacy 60
-Measuring adequacy of living standards 62
-Living standards in retirement: Incomes and poverty in old age 69
-Wealth and the adequacy of retirement incomes 76
-Summary and conclusions 103
-References  109
-Annex 2.A1. Calculating the annuity 115
-Annex 2.A2. Additional figure 118
Chapter 3. Design of pension systems 119
-Architecture of national pension systems 120
-Basic, targeted and minimum pensions 122
-Earnings-related pensions 124
-Normal, early and late retirement 126
-Effective age of labour market exit 128
Chapter 4. Pension entitlements 131
-Methodology and assumptions 132
-Gross pension replacement rates 134
-Gross pension replacement rates: Public and private schemes 136
-Tax treatment of pensions and pensioners 138
-Net pension replacement rates 140
-Net pension replacement rates: Public and private schemes 142
-Investment risk and private pensions 144
-Gross pension wealth 146
-Net pension wealth 148
-Changes in pension wealth 150
-Progressivity of pension benefit formulae 152
-Pension-earnings link 154
-Weighted averages: Pension levels and pension wealth 156
-Retirement-income package 158
Chapter 5. Incomes and poverty of older people 161
-Incomes of older people 162
-Old-age income poverty 164
Chapter 6. Finances of retirement-income systems 167
-Contributions 168
-Public expenditure on pensions 170
-Pension-benefit expenditures: Public and private 172
-Long-term projections of public pension expenditure 174
Chapter 7. Demographic and economic context 177
-Fertility 178
-Life expectancy 180
-Old-age support ratio 182
-Earnings: Averages and distribution 184
Chapter 8. Private pensions and public pension reserves  187
-Coverage of private pensions 188
-Institutional structure of private pension plans 190
-The pension gap 192
-Assets in pension funds and public pension reserve funds 194
-Asset allocation of pension funds and public pension reserve funds 196
-Investment performance of pension funds and public pension reserve funds 198
-Pension fund operating costs and fees 200
-DB funding ratios 202
Chapter 9. Pensions at a Glance 2013: Country profiles 205
-Guide to the country profiles  206
-Argentina 208
-Australia  211
-Austria 215
-Belgium 218
-Brazil 223
-Canada 226
-Chile 229
-China  232
-Czech Republic 235
-Denmark 239
-Estonia  244
-Finland 247
-France  251
-Germany 256
-Greece 260
-Hungary 263
-Iceland 268
-India 271
-Indonesia  275
-Ireland  278
-Israel  281
-Italy 284
-Japan 289
-Korea 293
-Luxembourg 296
-Mexico 299
-Netherlands 302
-New Zealand 306
-Norway 309
-Poland 313
-Portugal  318
-Russian Federation 325
-Saudi Arabia 329
-Slovak Republic 331
-Slovenia 335
-South Africa 338
-Spain 340
-Sweden 343
-Switzerland 349
-Turkey 354
-United Kingdom 357
-United States 362

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