This publication addresses the role of national systems of IP in the socio-economic development of emerging countries, notably through their impact on innovation. It presents a framework that identifies the key mechanisms that enable IP systems to support emerging countries’ innovation and development objectives. The report also discusses two IP country studies conducted for Colombia and Indonesia. These are based on analyses of the national intellectual property systems, drawing on country missions that gathered detailed information and feedback from more than 100 stakeholders on IP-related priorities and bottlenecks. Concrete policy recommendations are provided for both countries.
Table of contents:
Foreword 3 Acknowledgements 5 Acronyms and abbreviations 11 Executive summary 13 Overall assessment and recommendations 17 -1. Analysing the national intellectual property systems of developing and emerging countries 17 -2. Study of Colombia’s national intellectual property system 21 -3. Study of Indonesia’s national intellectual property system 29 Chapter 1. Analysing the national intellectual property systems of developing and emerging countries 37 -1.1. Aim of the framework 38 -1.2. National IP systems and innovation in a development context 40 -1.3. The legal and administrative conditions of IP systems 46 -1.4. Adapting IP systems to users in a development context 62 -1.5. Connecting IP to innovation policies 75 -References 82 -Annex 1.A1. Implications for conducting analyses of IP systems 85 Chapter 2. Study of Colombia’s national intellectual property system 89 -2.1. Overall assessment and recommendations 90 -2.2. Key recommendations 93 -2.3. The socio-economic and innovation context of Colombia 99 -2.4. Colombia’s IP system and innovation 105 2.5. Users of Colombia’s IP system 113 -References 132 Chapter 3. Study of Indonesia’s national intellectual property system 135 -3.1. Overall assessment and recommendations 136 -3.2. Key recommendations for Indonesia 138 -3.3. The socio-economic and innovation context of Indonesia 145 -3.4. Indonesia’s IP system and innovation 150 -3.5. Users of Indonesia’s IP system 159 -References175 -Annex 3.A1. List of Indonesian intellectual property (IP) laws 177 Annex A. Innovation, intellectual property rights and development: Background 179 -A.1. Innovation and IP 180 -A.2. Innovation and development 189 -References 193