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Coping with Emigration in Baltic and East European Countries
OECD Publishing , Date de parution:  14 jan 2014
Pages: 144 , Langue: Anglais
Version: Livre (Broché) + PDF
ISBN: 9789264204911 , Code OCDE: 812013241P1
Prix:   €35 | $49 | £31 | ¥4500 | MXN630 , Frais de livraison inclus
Disponibilité: Disponible
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Autres versions:  Livre électronique - Format PDF

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Description

The Baltic countries have experienced sustained emigration over the past decade, contributing to population decline and a loss of working-age population. The impact of this emigration is felt strongly in the labour market, the general economy and in social developments. How can countries deal with the impact of high levels of emigration? How to attract back emigrants? How best to benefit from the financial, social and human capital developed abroad? The Baltic countries are not alone in addressing these challenges, and this volume brings together the recent experience of Poland and Romania, as well as a wide range of OECD countries, in developing new policies to cope with emigration.


Tables des matières:

Acronyms and abbreviations 9
Executive summary 11
Chapter 1. Emigration from the Baltic States: Economic impact and policy implications by Godfried Engbersen and Joost Jansen 13
-Introduction 14
-Migration flows from the Baltics: The extent of migration and migrant population profiles 14
-The economic impact of emigration on the Baltic States, Poland and Romania 16
-In pursuit of successful diaspora policies: Baltic initiatives and experiences from other sending countries 19
-Conclusion 23
-References 25
Chapter 2. Emigration from Estonia: Recent trends and economic impact by Veronika Kaska 29
-Introduction 30
-General data on emigration from Estonia 30
-Conclusion 38
-References 42
Chapter 3. The social and economic impact of emigration on Lithuania  by Audra Sipavicience and Lvada Stankuniene  45
-Introduction  46
-Emigration: General trends 46
-Return migration, chain migration and changes in the geography of emigration 51
-The changing composition of emigration flows 53
-Conclusion 61
-References 63
Chapter 4. Emigration from Latvia: Recent trends and economic impact by Mihails Hazans 65
-Introduction 66
-How many people left Latvia in 2000-11? 68
-Is emigration slowing down? 73
-Emigration from Latvia: Three waves in a decade 75
-Changes in the emigrant population profile, 2000-10 82
-Will the emigrants ever come back 86
-Migration networks and the experience of return migrants 87
-Intentions to emigrate 89
-The economic impact of emigration on Latvia 96
-Conclusion 102
-References 105
-Annex 4.A1. Emigration accounting based on Latvian Population Census and Population Registry 109
Chapter 5. Matching the skills of return migrants to labour market needs in Poland by Pawel Kaczmarczyk 111
-Introduction 112
-Return migration to Poland – scale and structural features 112
-The labour market performance of return migrants 116
-Social remittances 118
-Policies and programmes targeting return migrants 120
-Conclusion 123
-References 125
Chapter 6. Mobilising migrants skills and resources in Romania by Cristina Mereuta 127
-Introduction 128
-Romania’s experience in regulating labour migration 130
-The effects of emigration on the Romanian labour market 131
-The effects of migration on domestic development 132
-Policy implications 137
-Conclusion 138
-References 140

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