Tackling mental ill-health of the working-age population is becoming a key issue for labour market and social policies in OECD countries. OECD governments increasingly recognise that policy has a major role to play in keeping people with mental ill-health in employment or bringing those outside of the labour market back to it, and in preventing mental illness. This report on the United Kingdom is the sixth in a series of reports looking at how the broader education, health, social and labour market policy challenges identified in Sick on the Job? Myths and Realities about Mental Health and Work (OECD, 2012) are being tackled in a number of OECD countries.
Table of contents:
Acronyms and abbreviations 9 Executive summary 11 Assessment and recommendations 13 Chapter 1. Mental health and work challenges in the United Kingdom 21 -Introduction 22 -Definition and measurement of mental disorders 24 -Labour market outcomes: where the United Kingdom stands 25 -The context: systems and institutions 30 -Conclusions 34 -References 35 Chapter 2. Achieving higher labour market participation in the United Kingdom: The role of the welfare system 37 -Introduction 38 -Recent disability benefit policy developments and their impact 39 -Providing adequate employment support 46 -Balancing obligations and supports 63 -Addressing the “flaws” in the Work Capability Assessment 68 -Recognising and addressing mental health needs of all benefit recipients 72 -Conclusions 79 -References 86 Chapter 3. Sick on the job: The role of employers in the United Kingdom 91 -Introduction 92 -Mental health is closely associated with workplace factors 92 -Workplace policies to retain performance and productivity 94 -Managing sickness absence at the workplace 103 -Conclusions 111 -References 116 Chapter 4. . The new role of the health sector in the United Kingdom: How can it support work and well-being? 119 -Introduction 120 -The mental health treatment gap 120 -Building up mental health services 123 -The health system understands its employment responsibility but more can be done 129 -New opportunities for improving health and employment outcomes 133 -Conclusions 136 -References 141