This publication is a result of the discussions from the OECD 8th Rural Development Policy Conference: "Innovation and modernising the rural economy" which took place in Krasnoyarsk, Russia on 3-5 October 2012. The first section provides an overall view of the pre-conference sessions on the new rural paradigm, persistent fiscal constraint and economic opportunities and service delivery challenges”. The second section describes modern rural economies as presented in the conference. The third section defines innovation in the context of rural areas and the fourth section presents collection of selected papers on the two main conference topics: modernising rural economies and innovation in the context of rural areas.
Table of contents:
Executive summary 9 PART I. THE CHANGING RURAL ECONOMY 13 Chapter 1. Modernising the rural economy 15 -Introduction 16 -Why it is important to modernise the rural economy 16 -Attributes of the modern economy 22 -Attributes of the traditional rural economy 24 -Towards a modern rural economy 25 -Examples of modernisation efforts in rural regions 37 -Conclusion 41 -Bibliography 44 Chapter 2. Innovation in the context of rural areas 47 -Introduction 48 -Why understanding rural innovation is important 49 -Rural innovation systems and processes 55 -Innovative public policies 58 -Stimulating rural innovation: The role of entrepreneurship 65 -Conclusion 73 -Bibliography 74 PART II. THE MODERN RURAL ECONOMY AND INNOVATION: A PERSPECTIVE FROM FOUR EXPERTS 77 Chapter 3. A new rationale for rural cohesion policy: Overcoming spatial stereotypes by addressing inter-relations and opportunities 79 -Introduction 80 -Narratives of rural change 80 -Inter-relation of spaces 82 -Recognition of local asset patterns 84 -“New” rural Cohesion Policy 87 -Conclusion 90 -Bibliography 91 Chapter 4. Unlocking rural innovation in the North East of England: The role of innovation connectors 95 -Introduction 96 -Innovation in rural areas: A literature review 97 -Methodology 100 -Findings 101 -Conclusions and policy implications 108 -Bibliography 110 Chapter 5. A new paradigm of rural innovation: Learning from and with rural people and communities 113 -Introduction: Innovation at the heart of the new rurality – we can learn from the rural world 114 -Rural innovation: A key feature of long-term rural history 115 -Rural innovation contributes to sustainable development 117 -A place-based development organisation: The Centre local de développement (CLD) 119 -A rural cluster: The case of La Pocatière 120 -Université Rurale Québécoise, a new way to showcase rural innovation 121 -Rural inhabitants: An innovative or a creative class? 123 -Conclusion 124 -Bibliography 125 Chapter 6. Evaluation tools for integrated EU rural development initiatives: The case of LEADER+ 127 -Introduction 128 -Methodology 130 -Results 133 -Conclusions and recommendations 136 -Bibliography 137 -Annex 6.A1 139