This comprehensive review of public governance in Spain finds that it shares with other OECD countries the need for a whole-of-government approach to reform. This is especially needed given Spainís high degree of decentralisation and institutional fragmentation throughout the public sector. The experience of OECD countries with administrative reform is that it is successful when it is not perceived as a one-off exercise, but rather as a process of continuous improvement to constantly identify waste, shortcomings, and opportunities to do things better. This is particularly relevant for the public administration to become a positive influence for growth and overcome the effects of the financial crisis Spain has been through.
Table of contents:
Acronyms and abbreviations 13 Executive summary 15 Recommendations: Creating an environment for continuous improvement 17 Chapter 1. The context of state development in Spain 27 -The rapid transformation of the Spanish state 28 -The state of governance and public administration 33 -Going institutional: the governance emphasis in the Spanish reform package 53 -Bibliography 56 Chapter 2. Administrative rationalisation and multi-level governance 59 -Administrative structure and rationalisation reforms 60 -Multi-level governance reforms 72 -Bibliography 96 Chapter 3. Raising Spainís productivity through better regulation 99 -CORA initiatives dealing with Better Regulation and administrative simplification 101 -Background and diagnostic 105 -Opportunities for improvement 108 -Bibliography 128 Chapter 4. Strengthening digital government for a more strategic public administration in Spain 129 -Digital government in Spain 130 -The transversal role of ICT to make public administration reform happen 133 -Transforming ICT management into a strategic asset 134 -Strengthening multi-level co-ordination 137 -A more user friendly administration: Simplifying access and improving service delivery 139 -Shared services: Increasing rationalisation and consolidation 146 -Recommended actions 149 -Bibliography 152 Chapter 5. Mobilising and using resources: public financial management and public procurement in Spain 153 -Public financial management 154 -Procurement reforms in Spain 175 -Bibliography 194 Chapter 6. Developing a sustainable and flexible human resources management system 197 -Spainís public service today 198 -Meeting the short-term human resources challenges in the CORA report: Sustainable job cuts and administrative reforms 201 -Embedding human resources management considerations in administrative reforms 203 -Focusing on the longer term: Building capacity to manage performance from the senior civil service downwards 207 -Conclusion and recommendations 222 -Bibliography 225 Chapter 7. Strengthening transparency and building trust in government in Spain 227 -Transparency in the reform of the Spanish public administration 231 -Transparency in complementary reforms 234 -Trust, integrity and democratic regeneration 243 -Conclusions and recommendations 261 -Bibliography 265 Chapter 8. Implementing governance reform in Spain: challenges and opportunities 267 -Reinforcing accountability and evaluation 268 -Ensuring the consistency of the reform package 280 -Balancing efficiency and effectiveness 284 -Promoting collective commitment for reform 287 -Making the reform sustainable in the long term 305 -Bibliography 315 Annex A. Cross-reference table: OECD and CORA reports 317