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Jobs for Immigrants (Vol. 4)
Labour Market Integration in Italy
OECD Publishing , Publication date:  24 Jul 2014
Pages: 166 , Language: English
Version: Print (Paperback) + PDF
ISBN: 9789264214699 , OECD Code: 812014121P1
Price:   €50 | $70 | £45 | ¥6500 | MXN900 , Standard shipping included!
Availability: Available
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Other languages:  Italian (Available)
Other Versions:  E-book - PDF Format

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Description

Until the mid-1990s, the share of migrants in Italy was relatively low in international comparison. With a persistent demand for foreign workers in low-skilled and low-paid jobs, the proximity of conflict areas and the enlargement of the European Union to Romania and Bulgaria in 2007, migration to Italy increased rapidly over the last 15 years. This report presents an overview of the skills and qualifications of immigrants in Italy, their key labour market outcomes in international comparison, and their evolution over time, given the highly segmented Italian labour market and its high share of informal jobs.

It analyses the framework for integration and the main integration policy instruments. Special attention is paid to funding issues and to the distribution of competences between national and sub-national actors. Finally, this report reviews the integration at school and the school-to-work transition of the children of immigrants


Table of contents:

Acronyms and abbreviations 11 
Executive summary 15 
Assessment and recommendations 19 
Chapter 1. Comparing the characteristics and labour market outcomes of immigrants across countries 31 
-Labour market outcomes 32 
-Evolution over time 35 
-Qualification structure 37 
-Immigrants’ skills 39
-References 42 
Chapter 2. The framework for integration in Italy 43 
-Italy’s evolution as an immigration country 44 
-Evolution of the integration policy 45 
-Key actors 50 
-Funding issues and distribution of competences 55 
-References 61 
Chapter 3. The Italian labour market and immigrant integration outcomes 63 
-Strong regional disparities and internal mobility 64 
-Persistent low growth and the economic crisis 66 
-Duality in the labour market and importance of the informal secto 72 
-High share of self-employment 81 
-References 86 
Chapter 4. Immigrant integration policies in Italy 89 
-Active labour market policies 90 
-Language training 95 
-Impact of ad hoc regularisation programmes on the integration of immigrants 100 
-Naturalisation104 
-Limiting legal discrimination and developing a national anti-discrimination framework 106
-References112 
Chapter 5. The integration of immigrant offspring in Italy: An emerging issue 115 
-Size and composition of the immigrant offspring population 116 
-Integration of immigrant offspring in Italian schools 119 
-Transition from lower to upper secondary education 126 
-Predominance of vocational pathways among children of immigrants 126 
-Transition from school to work 129 
-References 135 
Annex A. Regional data on immigrant populations and their children 137 
Annex B. Use of CO data in the review 161

 

 

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