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Sharing Road Safety
Developing an International Framework for Crash Modification Functions
OECD Publishing , Date de parution:  08 nov 2012
Pages: 132 , Langue: Anglais
Version: Livre électronique (Format PDF)
ISBN: 9789282103760 , Code OCDE: 752012011E1
Prix:   €28 | $39 | £25 | ¥3600 | MXN500
Disponibilité: Disponible
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Autres langues:  Français (Disponible)
Autres versions:  Livre - Broché

Titres connexes

Détails
Imprint:  Forum International des Transports

Description

Each year about 1.3 million people are killed and another 50 million people are injured on roads worldwide. These road crashes cost countries between 1 and 3 percent of their GDP. Many of these crashes can be prevented by effective countermeasures. This report helps identify the most effective safety countermeasures.

Policy makers need to justify expenditure on road safety in terms of effectiveness, competing for the scarce resources available. The risk of making poor decisions and the cost of making better decisions can be reduced by the use of reliable studies on how effective safety measures are, based on Crash Modification Functions (CMFs). This report shows that there is a prospect for significant advances and major cost savings through the transfer of results internationally, allowing for more rapid adoption and dissemination of new life-saving safety measures.

The report serves as a guide to how research results can be shared internationally. It provides checklist for systematic review of road safety studies and a framework for standardising methodology.

The report targets the road safety research community but will also find an audience among policy makers at all levels of government. The report highlights the value of Crash Modification Functions and the importance of ensuring practicioners use the best CMFs available.


Tables des matières:

Recommendations
Key Messages
Executive Summary
Chapter 1. Introduction
-1.1. Background
-1.2. Crash modification functions: Their role and nature
-1.3. CMFs come from the accumulation of knowledge
-1.4. Using CMFs in decision making
-1.5. Understanding variability in CMFs
-1.6. The benefits of transferability
-1.7. CMFs and efficiency assessment tools
-1.8. Applying efficiency assessment tools in the real world
-1.9. Government has a critical responsibility
-References
Chapter 2. Challenges and Opportunities for Transferability
-2.1. Introduction
-2.2. Technical challenges
-2.3. Challenges for transferability
-2.4. Opportunities Persist for International Cooperation and Transferability
-References
Chapter 3. Assessing Transferability of Road Safety Evaluation Studies
-3.1. A validity framework for assessing road safety evaluation studies
-3.2. Two approaches to assessing external validity
-3.3. Key concepts describing external validity
-3.4. Preparatory analysis to assessing external validity
-3.5. The range of replications and statistics describing external validity
-3.6. A note on alternative and supplementary techniques
-3.7. Developing a Crash Modification Function based on heterogeneous studies
-3.8. Other Issues in Applying the Range of Replication Technique
-3.9. Discussion
-References
Chapter 4. Quantitative Framework for Enhancing Transferability of Crash Modification Factors or Functions
-4.1. Research and implementation
-4.2. Fundamental issues for a transferability framework
-4.3. Classifying and rating study designs to enhance transferability
-4.4. Conclusions
-Referemces
Chapter 5. Overcoming Barriers to Implementation
-5.1. Using CMFs to overcome barriers to countermeasure implementation
-5.2. Overcoming barriers to the implementation of CMFs
-5.3. Essential reporting elements for safety studies
-5.4. Sharing CMFs with Lesser Developed Countries
-References
Chapter 6. Conclusions
Appendix A. Review of Existing Approaches and Initiatives
-A.1. International approaches and initiatives
-A.2. Existing national approaches and initiatives
References
Glossary
Contributors to the Report

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