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Cycling, Health and Safety
OECD, International Transport Forum. Published by : OECD Publishing / International Transport Forum , Publication date:  30 Jan 2014
Pages: 248 , Language: English
Version: Print (Paperback) + PDF
ISBN: 9789282105948 , OECD Code: 752013011P1
Price:   €70 | $98 | £63 | ¥9100 | MXN1260 , Standard shipping included!
Availability: Available (Print on Demand)
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Other Versions:  E-book - PDF Format

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Imprint:  International Transport Forum


Many jurisdictions around the world are trying to retain or increase the share of cycling in urban traffic in order to benefit from the many health and transport efficiency benefits. Safety is a key concern and should be accounted for in these policies.
This report of the International Transport Forum's Cycling Safety Working Group monitors international trends in cycling, safety and policy, and explores options that may help decision makers design safe environments for cycling. Key messages relate to strategic goal-setting for cycling policy and managing crash risks while increasing health benefits. The report also discusses how to better capture crash and bicycle usage statistics. The safety impacts of a wide range of pro-cycling measures are examined in detail.

Table of contents:

Cycling safety: key messages and recommendations 17
-I. Setting the Groundwork for Safe Cycling 17
-II. What approach for increased cycling safety? 23
-III. Lessons from national and regional cycling safety policies 24
-IV. Review of evidence on cycle safety status and trends - What do the numbers tell us? 25
-V. Review of Bicycle Safety Measures: Lessons for Policy 29
1. Cycling, safety, health and policy – necessary linkages, suggested approaches 37
-1.1. Pro-cycling Policies and Safety  37
-1.2. Linkages between Cycling, Safety and Health 42
-1.3. “Safety in Numbers”: Do more cyclists improve safety… and if so, how? 57
-1.4. Challenges to assessing cycling safety: Cyclist crash under-reporting and lack of exposure data 59
-1.5. How to deliver sustainable safety? The safe system approach 64
-Key Messages
-References 70
2. Policy measures and administrative framework for bicycle safety 75
-2.1 Introduction and Methodology 75
-2.2 Cycling and Safety Planning 76
-2.3 Laws and Regulations relating to Bicycle Safety 89
-2.4 National spending on cycling 94
3. Analysis of international trends in bicycle use and cyclist safety 101
-3.1 Introduction and methodology 101
-3.2 Terms and definitions  102
-3.3 Road crashes involving cyclists 102
-3.4 Exposure data: Bicycle use 111
-3.5 Cycling infrastructure 116
4. Overview of bicycle crash characteristics in selected countries 123
-4.1 Introduction and methodology 123
-4.2 Fatal crashes 124
-4.3 Serious Injury crashes 143
-4.4 Discussion 153
-4.5 Limitations  157
-4.6 Conclusions 158
5. Review of Bicycle safety measures 161
-5.1 Introduction 161
-5.2 Key considerations regarding the assessment of safety measures 163
-5.3 Non-infrastructural measures 167
-5.4 Infrastructural measures 173
-5.5 Other Measures 203
-5.6 Diagnosis and implementing safety measures 206
Annex A: Working group questionnaire on bicycle safety and crash characteristics 215
Annex B. Policy measures derived from stated preference analysis for bicycle use: Route choice factors in the Indian context  219
Annex C. A stated preference analysis on bicycle user’s perception on cycling safety and its policy implications in Korean contexts 233
ITF-OECD Working Group on Cycling Safety 243

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