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ITF Round Tables
Expanding Airport Capacity in Large Urban Areas
OECD, International Transport Forum. Published by : OECD Publishing , Publication date:  09 May 2014
Pages: 172 , Language: English
Version: Print (Paperback) + PDF
ISBN: 9789282107386 , OECD Code: 742014011P1
Price:   €60 | $84 | £54 | ¥7800 | MXN1080 , Standard shipping included!
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Other Versions:  E-book - PDF Format

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Imprint:  International Transport Forum


Expanding airport capacity in large metropolitan areas is difficult. Community agreements on noise constrain growth at existing airports. Land prices can be prohibitive for relocating airports. Most new sites require extensive investment in surface transport links to city centres. In multi-airport regions, options for expansion at the airports are to an extent interdependent, complicating assessment of whether to build new runways.

Many major airports are hubs for network carriers at the same time as serving a large local market. The complementarity between these functions may be a prerequisite for viable network operations, suggesting that distributing services over multiple airports instead of expanding the main hub would be costly. Hub airports and their network carriers often compete with hubs in neighbouring regions. The strategies of network carriers and potential new entrants to this part of the market need to be taken into account in assessing future demand for airport capacity. The requirements of low cost and other point-to-point carriers are equally important, but different.

This report reviews international experience in reconciling planning and environmental constraints with demand for airport capacity and the potential benefits in terms of productivity and growth from developing international airline services. Experience is compared in London, New York, Tokyo, Osaka, Sydney and in Germany’s main airports with particular attention to the dynamics of airline markets and implications for airport planning in multi-airport cities.

Table of contents:

Executive Summary by David Thompson, Stephen Perkins and Kurt Van Dender 7
-1. Introduction 7
-2. Estimating future demand for airport capacity 16
-3. Hub economies 17
-4. Measuring and valuing connectivity 19
-5. Comparing the positive and negative impacts of airport expansion 22
-6. Environmental constraints and environmental assessment 24
-7. An approach toward developing, phasing and co-ordinating airport expansion 28
-Bibliography 42
Chapter 1. Upgrading to world class: the future of the New York region’s airports by Jeffrey M Zupan 45
-1. Introduction 46
-2. Summary of 2011 RPA report 46
-3. Developments since 50
-4. Other potentially significant developments 52
-Appendix 57
Chapter 2. Air capacity for Sydney by Peter Forsyth 61
-1. Introduction 62
-2. Background 63
-3. Location, hubbing, connectivity and competition 67
-4. Rationing excess demand 70
-5. Evaluation of the options 76
-6. Externalities 79
-7. Conclusions: why Sydney Airport is not a disaster 81
-Bibliography 82
Chapter 3. Evolution of metropolitan airports in Japan: Airport development in Tokyo and Osaka by Katsuhiro Yamaguchi 85
-1. Introduction 86
-2. Overview of Japan and the air transport market 86
-3. A brief history of airport development in Tokyo and Osaka 89
-5. Implications for future airport development in large urban areas 101
-6. Concluding remarks 104
Chapter 4. Expanding airport capacity under constraints in large urban areas: the German experience by Hans-Martin Niemeier 107
-1. Introduction 108
-2. Investment of German airports – overview 109
-3. Case studies of capacity expansion at six German airports 112
-4. Key problems of airport investment 118
-5. Assessment of decisions on capacity expansion of airports 121
-6. Strengths and weaknesses of the german decision process 124
-7. Summary and concluding recommendations 131
-Bibliography 136
Chapter 5. Airport capacity expansion strategies in the era of airline multi-hub networks by Guillaume Burghouwt 143
-1. Introduction 144
-2. Hubs, network service airlines and their value for society 144
-3. Specialisation patterns in multi-hub airline networks: some empirical evidence 153
-4. Multi-hub network services and the implications for airport capacity expansion strategy 159
-Bibliography 163

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